Robots in workplace ‘could create double the jobs they destroy’

Rise of machines could lead to 133m jobs globally in next decade – WEF report

The rise of machines, robots and algorithms in the workplace stands to create almost double the number of jobs for the global economy by the middle of the next decade than it puts at risk of being replaced.

According to the World Economic Forum (WEF), about 133m jobs globally could be created with the help of rapid technological advances in the workplace over the next decade, compared with 75m that could be displaced.

Related: Meet Eva, the workplace robot that won’t necessarily steal your job

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British Chambers of Commerce downgrades UK growth prediction

BCC predicts fall to 1.1% this year and 1.3% in 2019 amid Brexit uncertainty

The British Chambers of Commerce (BCC) has downgraded its prediction for UK growth this year and the following, joining a growing number of forecasters that warn Brexit uncertainty has sapped the economy’s strength.

Related: The Brexit economy: things are starting to deteriorate

Related: ‘Brexit is a disaster’ – experts debate the latest economic data

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Economic justice is the very bedrock of Christian faith | Letters

Readers respond to Simon Jenkins’ article on the archbishop of Canterbury’s criticism of the gig economy

Might it have occurred to Simon Jenkins (God aside, for whom does Welby speak?, 14 September) and others that a possible reason for decline in Church of England attendance might have something to do with the church not being radical enough? By such it would expose itself to the risk of relevance in the world in which we actually live rather than the world we might eventually wish to be.

Justin Welby is right to examine economic issues (about which he is competent to speak) and taxation and benefit policies that adversely affect often the poor and most vulnerable. It is unfortunate that he failed to check the current church commissioners’ investment portfolio, which now presents the church with the opportunity to disinvest from the likes of Amazon. It ought to be noted, too, that the church follows the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, who violently turned over the tables of the moneychangers in the temple (Matthew 21: 12-13 et al), who quite simply were defrauding the ordinary worshippers, rather like tax evaders and avoiders today.

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The EU needs a stability and wellbeing pact, not more growth

238 academics call on the European Union and its member states to plan for a post-growth future in which human and ecological wellbeing is prioritised over GDP

This week, scientists, politicians, and policymakers are gathering in Brussels for a landmark conference. The aim of this event, organised by members of the European parliament from five different political groups, alongside trade unions and NGOs, is to explore possibilities for a “post-growth economy” in Europe.

For the past seven decades, GDP growth has stood as the primary economic objective of European nations. But as our economies have grown, so has our negative impact on the environment. We are now exceeding the safe operating space for humanity on this planet, and there is no sign that economic activity is being decoupled from resource use or pollution at anything like the scale required. Today, solving social problems within European nations does not require more growth. It requires a fairer distribution of the income and wealth that we already have.

Dr Dan O’Neill, Associate Professor, University of Leeds, UK

Dr Federico Demaria, Researcher, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Dr Giorgos Kallis, Professor, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Dr Kate Raworth, Author of ‘Doughnut Economics’, UK

Dr Tim Jackson, Professor, University of Surrey, UK

Dr Jason Hickel, Lecturer, Goldsmiths, University of London, UK

Dr Lorenzo Fioramonti, Professor, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Dr Marta Conde, President of Research & Degrowth, Spain

Dr Kevin Anderson, Deputy Director, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, UK

Dr Steve Keen, Professor, Kingston University, UK

Dr Saskia Sassen, Professor of Sociology, Columbia University, USA

Dr Ann Pettifor, Director, Policy Research in Macroeconomics (PRIME), UK

Dr Serge Latouche, Université Paris Sud, France

Dr Kate Pickett, Professor, University of York, UK

Dr Susan George, President of the Transnational Institute-TNI, Netherlands

Dr Joan Martinez Alier, Professor, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Catalonia

Dr David Graeber, Professor, London School of Economics, UK

Dr Juan Carlos Monedero Fernández, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain

Dr Dominique Méda, Professor, University Paris Dauphine, France

Dr Lourdes Beneria, Professor Emerita, Cornell University, USA

Dr Inge Røpke, Professor, Aalborg University, Denmark

Dr Niko Paech, Professor, University of Siegen, Germany

Dr Jean Gadrey, Professor, University of Lille, France

Dr Nadia Johanisova, Lecturer, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

Dr Wolfgang Sachs, Research Director Emeritus, Wuppertal Institut, Germany

Dr Stefania Barca, Senior Researcher, Centre for Social Studies, University of Coimbra, Portugal

Dr Gilbert Rist, Emeritus Professor, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Switzerland

Dr György Pataki, Professor, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary

Dr Simone D’Alessandro, Professor, University of Pisa, Italy

Dr Ian Gough, Visiting Professor, London School of Economics, UK

Dr Iñigo Capellán-Pérez, Researcher, University of Valladolid, Spain

Dr Amaia Pérez Orozco, Researcher, Colectiva XXK, Spain

Dr Max Koch, Professor, Lund University, Sweden

Dr Fabrice Flipo, Professor, Institut Mines Télécom-BS et LCSP Paris 7 Diderot, France

Dr Matthias Schmelzer, Researcher, University of Jena and Konzeptwerk Neue Ökonomie, Germany

Dr Óscar Carpintero, Associate Professor, University of Valladolid, Spain

Dr Hubert Buch-Hansen, Associate Professor, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark

Dr Christos Zografos, Pompeu Fabra University, Spain

Dr Tereza Stöckelová, Associate Professor, Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic

Dr Alf Hornborg, Professor, Lund University, Sweden

Dr Eric Clark, Professor, Lund University, Sweden

Dr Miklós Antal, Researcher, University of Leeds, UK

Dr Jordi Roca Jusmet, Professor, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain

Dr Philippe Defeyt, Chairman, Institute for Sustainable Development, Belgium

Dr Erik Swyngedouw, Professor, University of Manchester, UK

Dr Christian Kerschner, Assistant Professor, Modul University Vienna, Austria

Dr Agata Hummel, Assistant Professor, University of Adam Mickiewicz, Poland

Dr Frank Moulaert, Emeritus Professor, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium

Dr Frank Adler, Researcher, Brandenburg-Berlin Institute for Social Scientific Research, Germany

Dr Janne I. Hukkinen, Professor, University of Helsinki, Finland

Dr Jorge Riechmann, Professor, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain

Samuel Martín-Sosa Rodríguez, Responsable de Internacional, Ecologistas en Acción, Spain

Dr John Barry, Professor, Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland

Dr Linda Nierling, Senior Scientist, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

Dr Ines Omann, Senior Researcher, Austrian Foundation for Development Research, Austria

Dr Hug March, Associate Professor, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Spain

Dr Jakub Kronenberg, Associate Professor, University of Lodz, Poland

Yayo Herrero, Miembro del Foro de Transiciones, Spain

Dr Isabelle Anguelovski, Professor, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Dr François Schneider, Researcher, Research & Degrowth, France

Dr Vasilis Kostakis, Senior Researcher, Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia

Dr Enric Tello, Professor, University of Barcelona, Spain

Dr Andrew Sayer, Professor, Lancaster University, UK

Dr Kate Soper, Emerita Professor, London Metropolitan University, UK

Dr Klaus Hubacek, Professor, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria

Dr Brent Bleys, Assistant Professor, Ghent University, Belgium

Dr Jill Jäger, Independent Scholar, Vienna, Austria

Dr Mauro Gallegati, Professor, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Italy

Dr Peadar Kirby, Professor Emeritus, University of Limerick, Ireland

Dr Inés Marco, Researcher, University of Barcelona, Spain

Dr Ivan Murray Mas, Assistant Lecturer, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Spain

Dr Alexandros Kioupkiolis, Assistant Professor, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

Dr Aurore Lalucq, Co-Director, Veblen Institute, France

Dr Gaël Plumecocq, Researcher, French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), France

Dr David Soto Fernández, Associate Professor, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Spain

Dr Christian Kimmich, Researcher, Masaryk University Brno, Czech Republic

Dr Giacomo D’Alisa, Researcher, Centre for Social Studies, University of Coimbra, Portugal

Dr Seth Schindler, Senior Lecturer, University of Manchester, UK

Dr Philippe Roman, Researcher, ICHEC Brussels Management School, Belgium

Dr Lorenzo Pellegrini, Associate Professor, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands

Dr Erik Gómez-Baggethun, Professor, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway

Dr Tommaso Luzzati, Assistant Professor, University of Pisa, Italy

Dr Christoph Gran, ZOE Institute for Future Fit Economies, Germany

Dr Tor A. Benjaminsen, Professor, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway

Dr Barry McMullin, Professor, Dublin City University, Ireland

Dr Edwin Zaccai, Professor, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium

Dr Jens Friis Lund, Professor, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Dr Pierre Ozer, Researcher, Université de Liège, Belgium

Dr Louison Cahen-Fourot, Researcher, Institute for Ecological Economics, Wirtschaftsuniversität Vienna, Austria

Dr Tommaso Rondinella, Researcher, Italian National Institute of Statistics, Italy

Dr Julia Steinberger, Associate Professor, University of Leeds, UK

Dr Andrew Fanning, Marie Curie Research Fellow, University of Leeds, UK

Jose Luis Fdez Casadevante Kois, Miembro del Foro Transiciones, Spain

Dr Seema Arora-Jonsson, Professor, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

Dr Astrid Agenjo Calderón, Lecturer, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Spain

Dr Tom Bauler, Professor, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium

Dr Gregers Andersen, Independent Researcher, Denmark

Dr Peter Söderbaum, Professor Emeritus, Mälardalen University, Sweden

Dr Lourenzo Fernandez Priero, Professor, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain

Dr John R Porter, Emeritus Professor, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Dr François Thoreau, Senior Researcher, University of Liege, France

Mariagiulia Costanzo Talarico, Researcher, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Spain

Dr Maria Nikolaidi, Senior Lecturer, University of Greenwich, UK

Dr Ekaterina Chertkovskaya, Lecturer, Lund University, Sweden

Dr Stefan Gaarsmand Jacobsen, Assistant Professor, University of Roskilde, Denmark

Dimitar Sabev, Researcher, University of National and World Economy, Bulgaria

Dr Mladen Domazet, Research Director, Institute for Political Ecology, Croatia

Dr Hans Diefenbacher, Professor, University of Heidelberg, Germany

Dr Marco Armiero, Director of the Environmental Humanities Laboratory, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden

Dr Irene Ring, Professor, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany

Dr Christine Bauhardt, Professor, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany

Dr Dominique Bourg, Professor, University of Lausanne, Switzerland

Dr Tomas Ryska, Lecturer, University of Economics, Czech Republic

Dr Filka Sekulova, Researcher, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Dr Andrej Lukšič, Associate Professor, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

Dr Adrian Smith, Professor, University of Sussex, UK
Dr Serenella Iovino, Professor, Università di Torino, Italy

Dr Helga Kromp-Kolb, Professor, University of Renewable Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria

Dr Roberto De Vogli, Associate Professor, University of Padova, Italy

Dr Danijela Dolenec, Assistant Professor, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Dr Alexandra Köves, Senior Lecturer, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary

Dr Antoine Bailleux, Professor, Université Saint-Louis – Bruxelles, Belgium

Dr Christof Mauch, Director, Rachel Carson Centre for Environment and Society, Germany

Ajda Pistotnik, Independent Researcher, EnaBanda, Slovenia

Dr Branko Ančić, Researcher, Institute for Social Research for Social Research in Zagreb, Croatia

Dr Marija Brajdic Vukovic, Assistant Professor, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Dr Manuel González de Molina, Professor, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Spain

Dr Kye Askins, Reader, University of Glasgow, UK

Dr Carlos de Castro Carranza, Profesor Titular de Física Aplicada, Universidad de Valladolid, Spain

Dr Annika Pissin, Researcher, Lund University, Sweden

Dr Eva Fraňková, Assistant Professor, Masaryk University, Czech Republic

Dr Helga Kromp-Kolb, Professor, University of Renewable Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria

Dr Lidija Živčič, Senior Expert, Focus, Association for Sustainable Development, Slovenia

Dr Martin Pogačar, Research Fellow, ZRC SAZU, Slovenia

Dr Peter Nielsen, Associate Professor, Roskilde University, Denmark

Yaryna Khmara, Researcher, University of Lodz, Poland

Dr Ika Darnhofer, Associate Professor, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria

Dr Isabelle Cassiers, Professor, Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium

Dr Mihnea Tanasescu, Researcher, Research Foundation Flanders (FWO) and Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Belgium

Dr Daniel Hausknost, Assistant Professor, Institute for Social Change and Sustainability, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria

Dr Christoph Görg, Professor, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Austria

Dr Andreas Novy, Professor, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria

Dr Fikret Adaman, Professor, Boğaziçi University, Turkey

Dr Bengi Akbulut, Assistant Professor, Concordia University, Canada

Dr Kevin Maréchal, Professor, Université de Liège, Belgium

Dr Anke Schaffartzik, Researcher, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Dr Milena Buchs, Associate Professor, University of Leeds, UK

Dr Jean-Louis Aillon, Researcher, University of Genova, Italy

Dr Melanie Pichler, Researcher, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria

Dr Helmut Haberl, Associate Professor, Institute of Social Ecology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria

Dr Julien-François Gerber, Assistant Professor, International Institute of Social Studies, Netherlands

Dr John Holten-Andersen, Associate Professor, Aalborg University, Denmark

Theresa Klostermeyer, Officer for Sustainability and Social Change, German League for Nature, Animal and Environmental Protection, Germany

Dr Lyla Mehta, Professor, Institute of Development Studies, UK

Dr Geneviève Azam, Professor, Université Jean Jaurès, France

Dr Hermann E. Ott, Professor, University of Sustainable Development Eberswalde, Germany

Dr Angelika Zahrnt, Professor, Institute for Ecological Economic Research, Germany

Dr Melissa Leach, Director, Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex, UK

Dr Irmi Seidl, Assistant Professor, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Switzerland

Dr Shilpi Srivastava, Research Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, UK

Dr Elgars Felcis, Researcher, University of Latvia, Chairman of Latvian Permaculture Association, Latvia

Dr Tilman Santarius, Professor, Technische Universität Berlin and Einstein Center Digital Futures, Germany

Nina Treu, Coordinator of Konzeptwerk Neue Ökonomie, Germany

Dr Laura Horn, Associate Professor, Roskilde University, Denmark

Jennifer Hinton, Researcher, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden

Dr Friedrich Hinterberger, President, Sustainable Europe Research Institute, Austria

Dr Miriam Lang, Assistant Professor, Universidad Andina Simón Bolivar, Ecuador

Dr Susse Georg, Professor, Aalborg University, Denmark

Dr Silvio Cristiano, Researcher, Università degli Studi di Napoli ‘Parthenope’ & Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, Italy

Dr Petr Jehlička, Senior Lecturer, Open University, UK

Dr Maja Göpel, Professor, Leuphana University, Member Club of Rome, Germany

Dr Geraldine Thiry, Associate Professor, ICHEC Brussels Management School, Belgium

Dr Olivier Malay, Researcher, University of Louvain, Belgium

Dr Richard Lane, Researcher, Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Netherlands

Dr Laura Centemeri, Researcher, National Centre for Scientific Research, France

Dr Stephan Lessenich, Professor, Ludwig Maximilians University, Germany

Timothée Parrique, Researcher, Stockholm University, Sweden

Dr Ludivine Damay, Lecturer, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium

Dr Janis Brizga, Researcher, University of Latvia, Latvia

Dr Claudio Cattaneo, Associate Professor, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Dr Miquel Ortega Cerdà, Advisor, Barcelona City Council

Dr Olivier De Schutter, Professor, Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium

Dr Annalisa Colombino, Assistant Professor, Institute of Geography and Regional Sciences, University of Graz, Austria

Dr Philip von Brockdorff, Head of the Department of Economics, University of Malta, Malta

Dr Sarah Cornell, Senior Researcher, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden

Dr Ruth Kinna, Professor, Loughborough University, UK

Francesco Gonella, Professor, Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, Italy

Orsolya Lazanyi, Researcher, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary

Dr Eva Friman, Director at Swedesd, Uppsala University, Sweden

Dr Pernilla Hagbert, Researcher, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden

Vincent Liegey, Co-Author of ‘A Degrowth Project’, Hungary

Dr Manlio Iofrida, Associate Professor, University of Bologna, Italy

Dr Mauro Bonaiuti, Lecturer, University of Turin, Italy

Dr Marco Deriu, Researcher, University of Parma, Italy

Dr Eeva Houtbeckers, Postdoctoral Researcher, Aalto University, Finland

Dr Guy Julier, Professor, Aalto University, Finland

Dr Anna Kaijser, Lecturer, Linköping University, Sweden

Dr Petter Næss, Professor, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway

Dr Irina Velicu, Researcher, Center for Social Studies, University of Coimbra, Portugal

Dr Ulrich Brand, Professor, University of Vienna, Austria

Dr Christina Plank, Researcher, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria

Dr Karolina Isaksson, Senior Research Leader, Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Sweden

Dr Jin Xue, Associate Professor, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway

Dr Rasmus Steffansen, Researcher, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway

Dr Irmak Ertör, Researcher, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Dr Maria Hadjimichael, Researcher, University of Cyprus, Cyprus

Dr Carlo Aall, Researcher, Western Norway Research Institute, Norway

Dr Claudiu Craciun, Lecturer, National School of Political Studies and Administration (SNSPA), Romania

Dr Tuuli Hirvilammi, Researcher, University of Jyväskylä, Finland

Dr Tuula Helne, Senior Researcher, The Social Insurance Institution of Finland, Finland

Davide Biolghini, Researcher, Rete italiana Economia Solidale (RES), Italy

Dr Pasi Heikkurinen, Lecturer, University of Leeds, UK

Dr Anne Tittor, Researcher, University of Jena, Germany

Dr Dennis Eversberg, Researcher, University of Jena, Germany

Dr Herman Stål, Lecturer, Umea School of Business, Economics and Statistics, Sweden

Dr Hervé Corvellec, Professor, Lund University, Sweden

Dr Anna Heikkinen, Researcher, University of Tampere, Finland

Dr Karl Bonnedahl, Researcher, Umea University, Sweden

Dr Meri Koivusalo, Professor, University of Tampere, Finland

Dr Martin Fritz, Researcher, Bielefeld University, Germany

Dr Daniel Bergquist, Researcher, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

Dr Yuri Kazepov, Professor, University of Vienna, Austria

Dr Salvador Pueyo, Researcher, Universitat de Barcelona, Catalonia

Dr Lars Rydén, Professor, Uppsala University, Sweden

Patrick ten Brink, Director of EU Policy, European Environmental Bureau, Belgium

Dr Ebba Lisberg Jensen, Associate Professor, Malmö University, Sweden

Dr Alevgul H. Sorman, Researcher, Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3), Spain

Dr Aram Ziai, Professor, University of Kassel, Germany

Dr Panos Petridis, Researcher, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Austria

Dr Gary Dymski, Professor, University of Leeds, UK

Dr Markus Wissen, Professor, Berlin School of Economics and Law, Germany

Dr Wendy Harcourt, Professor, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University, The Netherlands

Dr John Barrett, Professor, University of Leeds, UK

Dr Silke van Dyk, Professor, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Germany

Dr Vasna Ramasar, Senior Lecturer, Lund University, Sweden

Danijela Tamše, Managing Editor of the Journal for the Critique of Science, Imagination, and New Anthropology, Slovenia

Dr Camil Ungureanu, Associate Professor, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain

Dr Mirela Holy, Lecturer, VERN’ University of Zagreb, Croatia

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Francis Fukuyama: ‘Trump instinctively picks racial themes to drive people on the left crazy’

In 1989, the economist’s essay The End of History? asked whether liberalism had triumphed over ideology. History, however, had other ideas and his new book responds to the return of extremism

Every “thought-leader” needs a catchy leading thought. Francis Fukuyama made his name and fortune with the definitive “one-liner” political meme The End of History?, which in the early 1990s seemed a smart way of describing the collapse of communism, and the “triumph” of the west. Since then, in the years in which history has clearly refused to end, Fukuyama, a senior fellow at Stanford University, has had various stabs at repeating that initial success. His new book, Identity, proposes the term “thymos” as the key to understanding our unnerving political moment.

“Thymos” (it does no harm, for credibility or book sales if the crucial thought-leading term is best understood by Ancient Greeks) comes from Plato’s Republic.It represents a kind of third way for a soul instinctively divided into two competing impulses – reason and appetite – by Socrates. If the former of those two made us human and the latter kept us animal, thymos fell somewhere in between. Most translations of The Republic suggest its sense for Plato as “passion”. For his purposes, Fukuyama takes it to mean “the seat of judgements of worth”, a kind of eternal status thermostat.

The disturbing thing is the support Trump gets, despite these racist things he does

(October 27, 1952) 

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