Business confidence in Japan flounders as last year’s sales tax hike continues to hit sentiment.
Council tax, water charges and mobile phone bills all among living costs to have undergone price hikes this week despite inflation dropping to 50-year low
For the first time since 1960, the UK is currently experiencing zero inflation. But that does not mean all price rises are on hold. In fact there have been a number of price hikes this week – many taking effect on Wednesday – with households seeing increases to costs as wide-ranging as stamps, air travel and spectacles.
After Japan’s Tankan disappointed greatly and various talking heads from Japan came out to deliver the credibility-destroying-phrase of the day: that “the economic recovery is progressing smoothly” despite all evidence to the contrary… USDJPY took a dive. And when USDJPY takes a dive, all its risk-on, carry-trade-imbibed friends take a dive. Dow futures cratered 230 points in minutes only to bounce back modestly when some enterprising sell-side analyst reminded the machines that “bad news is good news.” But that didn’t last and US equity futures are sliding rapidly in the overnight session…
Submitted Richard M. Ebeling via The Cobden Centre,
We live in an era in which few can even conceive of a world without the welfare state. Who would care for the old? How would people provide for their medical needs? What would happen to the disadvantaged and needy that fell upon hard times? In fact, there were free market solutions and non-government answers to these questions long before the modern Big Government Welfare State.
In fact, before the arrival of modern welfare state, voluntary, private-sector institutions had evolved to serve as the market providers for many of those “social services” now viewed as the near-exclusive prerogative of the government. Unfortunately, after nearly a century of increasing political and cultural collectivism, the historical memory of the pre-welfare state era has all but been lost.
Great Britain in the 19th and early 20th centuries is an historical case study in how many of these problems were handled without political intervention in the private affairs of society.
The Friendly Societies and Mutual Insurance Protections
The focal point for many of these private-sector answers was the “friendly societies.” When they first arose in the late 18th and early 19th century Britain, the friendly societies were mutual-aid associations for insurance for the cost of funerals of workers or their family members.
But as the 19th century progressed, the friendly societies expanded their activities to encompass four primary services: 1) accident insurance that provided weekly allowances for the families of workers who were injured in their places of employment; 2) medical insurance that covered the cost of medical care and prescribed medicines for workers and their families; 3) life insurance and assistance to maintain family members in case of the death of the primary breadwinner or his spouse; and 4) funeral insurance to cover burial costs for the worker or members of his family. Later on, many of the societies also developed savings and lending facilities for members, fire insurance and loans for home purchases.
By 1910, the year before Britain’s first National Insurance Act was brought into law, approximately three-quarters of the work force of the British economy was covered by the private, voluntary insurance associations of the friendly societies. The memberships in their associations covered the entire income spectrum, from the middle- and higher-income skilled worker to the low-wage, unskilled members of the work force.
The friendly societies also offered instruction in self-responsibility, often rotated their officer positions to teach leadership among the members, and supplied advice on better managing of members’ family financial and related affairs.
In the years before the First World War, the free society had developed and was extending the very social institutions needed to handle all those concerns that in our own time are considered the responsibility of the state. What the modern welfare state did was to preempt and undermine the free market’s solutions to many of what we call today “social services.”
State regulation of the friendly societies, subsidized “free” medical and insurance services, and new taxes to cover the government’s cost for providing these national insurance schemes all resulted in a crowding-out of the voluntary alternatives of the private sector.
Private Charity and Voluntary Assistance to the Poor
As Beijing gets set to expand its global footprint via the launch of multinational institutions like the AIIB which are aimed squarely at disrupting the post-World War II economic order and shaking up a system that’s been underpinned by the notion of dollar hegemony for decades, it’s important that China keep up the momentum when it comes to besting the US wherever and whenever it can. Presumably that’s why the country sunk nearly $6 million and 12 months of work into building the world’s longest glass bridge that leads absolutely nowhere. The key point, apparently, is that the structure is a whopping 5 meters longer than its US competitor.
Workers are finishing the construction of a glass cantilever bridge in Longgang scenic area in Yunyang, Southwest China’s Chongqing municipality. The transparent structure, 718 meters above the ground, has a cantilever extending 26.68 meters from the edge, five meters longer than the Grand Canyon Skywalk. The project, with a total investment of 35 million yuan($5.6 million), started in March 2014. The bridge has a carrying capacity of 1000 tons. [Photo/China News Service]
In Part (Part 1 here) of Hinde Capital's latest note ascribes, we go further down “The Road to Nowhere” in this excellent discussion with former BIS Economic Adviser, and current Chairman of the Economic and Development Review Committee of the OECD (and teller-of-the-truth) William White explains it all..
1987 Or 2015?
“They are not real buyers and sellers… these are computers that drive the markets down extremely fast…”
Workers employed to make products for Nike, Adidas and others have staged a fifth day of strikes over social insurance cover. Vietnam is seeking to sign a free trade deal with the European Union and push ahead with the Trans-Pacific Partnership but the continuing strike presents a hurdle for the one-party state Continue reading…
Comedian and writer Colm O’Regan casts his comic lens upon the complexities of capitalism.